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Georgia Lofts

Georgia Lofts

Email: georgialofts@gmail.com

Total Article : 192

About Me:I am a final year student studying BioMedical Science. I am interested in a wide range of topics but particularly like to focus on Biology, Pharmaceuticals, Chemistry, Art, Philosophy and Ethics.

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Plate tectonics Part 2

Plate tectonics Part 2

The 4 different types of plate boundaries

 

Destructive plate boundaries

 

Descriptive plate boundaries are found where two plates are moving together and oceanic plate material is destroyed. The collusion of the two plates buckles the leading edge of the continental plate forming fold margins. The magma rises through weaknesses, this is where the convection currents occur. Destructive plate boundaries can cause earthquakes and volcanoes. The convection currents cause the plate boundaries to hit each other.

 

Constructive plate boundaries

 

New basaltic materials rise to the surface which will cause the plates to force apart, that isa. Constructive plate. There are rising convection currents in the mantle drop temperature and spreads outwards when near the surface. This will cause the crust to break apart. This forms new crust.

 

Collision plate boundaries

 

In a collision plate, two continental plates move towards earth other due to convection currents, neither is destroyed but buckling will take place. Earthquakes occur a lot and no volcanoes are formed.

 

Conservative plate boundaries

 

Conservative plate boundaries occur when plates are sliding past one another. There is no plate being created or destroyed because there is no magma and no subduction. But the sliding is not smooth, there is friction between the plates and extreme stresses build up in the crustal rocks.

 

A volcano is formed from cracks in the crust- constructive plate

 

Types of volcanoes

 

The shape and structure of a volcano is related to the type of magma that created them

 

Basaltic magma

 

found on a constructive margin

High temperature that is very fluid

Low in silica and gas content

An example: Mauna Loa in Hawaii

 

Andesitic magma

 

found along destructive margins

Low temperature

High silica and gas

An example:  Mount Pinatubo

 

Granitic magma

constructive or destructive (not so common)

Low temperature

High silica (thick and sticky)

 

Why does the volcano threat posted vary?

Mauna Loa is less of a threat than Mount Pinatubo because Mauna Loa has frequent eruptions so people adopt the lifestyle and are used to it and Mauna Loa is a richer country so they can therefore afford the repairs needed. Where as Mount Pinatubo having less frequent eruptions, that tend to be more explosive and more damaging, with less money, it is harder to repair. This means that when a volcanic eruption occurs, more damage occues.

 

Vulnerability- the higher chance of something happening to you, the more vulnerable you are

 

Not everyone is at risk of volcanic hazards, you essentially need to be near to a plate boundary.

 

Capacity- the ability of a community to absorb and recover from the effects of a natural hazard.

 

Primary effects of a volcanic eruption

 

impacts that take place at the time of the event

Destruction of homes

Death or injuries

Water contamination

Loss of communication

Land slides

Loss of wildlife and marine land fire

 

Secondary effects of a volcanic eruption

 

impacts that follow an event, these have an indirect impact

Economic decline

Formation of unstable layers of ash and lava

Climate change

Shortage of food and water

Homelessness

Tourism destroyed

 

 

 

Image- https://earthhow.com/7-major-tectonic-plates/

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