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About Me:18-year-old sixth form student, studying English Literature, History and Government and Politics. My articles will broadly cover topics from the current affairs of politics to reviews of books and albums, as well as adding my own creative pieces, whether it be short fiction or general opinion.
Date of reign: 1509-1547
Religion: Catholic though is known for creating the protestant Church of England to allow him to divorce wife Catherine of Aragon.
Key Events: Infamous for having six wives, rooted mainly in his infidelity and quest for a male heir, Henry branched out of the Catholic church for not allowing quick anulments. He made it so that only the supreme head of the church was the leading monarch at the time.
Succeeded by: His son, Edward VI.
Date of reign: 1547-1553
Religion: Church of England
Key Events: Being so young a King, it was Edward’s advisers that ensured that England would become a protestant country. In 1549, peasants in Norfolk revolted against a prayer book that had been distributed by Thomas Cranmer with the support of the king. Defused by John Dudley, Earl of Warwick, the rebellion was unsuccessful, and thus the protestant reform proceeded. Once it became clear that Edward’s condition with tuberculosis was worsening, Dudley hurriedly got him to approve of a new order of succession, which made Lady Jane Grey Edward’s successor instead of Mary. Edward died in 1553.
Succeeded by: Lady Jane (disputably, as it only lasted for a few days), Mary I.
Date of reign: 1553-1558
Key Events: Just days after Jane’s succession of Edward, Mary was inundated with support and made a triumphal entry into London. One of her main goals was to reimpose Catholicism. In 1554 she crushed a rebellion that was spearheaded by Sir Thomas Wyatt. Notorious for her merciless orderings of Protestants to be burned at the stake, she was named Bloody Mary. After losing both a war with France and public support, Mary died in 1558.
Succeeded by: Elizabeth I, her half-sister.
Date of reign: 1558-1603
Key Events: In 1554, Elizabeth’s sister, Mary I, imprisoned her in the Tower of London upon suspicion of plotting a rebellion. In 1558, Elizabeth becomes queen of England at age 25. In 1559, Elizabeth reinstates the Church of England and introduces a new Book of Common Prayer. By 1583, Elizabeth had taken a liking to William Shakespeare’s plays. Between 1580 and 1585, Elizabeth looks beyond Europe for areas of trade, seeing many great voyages within this period of her reign. In 1587 she has her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots beheaded on suspicion of treason. In 1588, the Pope convinces Philip of Spain to invade England. The Spanish Armada is met by the Royal Fleet in the channel and defeated. Elizabeth dies a beloved queen at the age of 69 in 1603.
Succeeded by: James I
Date of reign: 1603-1625
Religion: Church of England
Key Events: James became king of England and Scotland in 1603 after Elizabeth I’s death. In 1604, James I ended the long-running war with Spain. In 1605, a Catholic, Guy Fawkes, was discovered in the cellars of the parliament buildings with 36 barrels of gunpowder, planning to blow up the Parliament House. James died in 1625, and his son, Charles, succeeded him.
Succeeded by: Charles I, his son.
Image Credits: bbc.co.uk