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Basics of the Greek Language, Lesson 8: Emergencies and Health

Basics of the Greek Language, Lesson 8: Emergencies and Health

In the last lesson, we briefly touched on going to the pharmacy. If you get ill in Greece (hopefully you won’t!), you may need to use these words and phrases to describe what your problem is, so you can get something to remedy it. Obviously, if it’s something really bad go to the nearest hospital and find an English-speaking doctor, but in most cases it’ll be something little like a cold or a stomach ache. Here are some useful things to know. If there is an emergency, call the number 112 – it’s the European emergency phone number and you’ll be connected to the services you need. It’s also free to call, so don’t worry about that. Once you’re on the line, you might want to say:

 

Help me! = Βοήθησέ με! “voy-ee-thee-sey me”

There is an emergency! = υπάρχει μια κατάσταση έκτακτης ανάγκης! “ee-par-he mia kata-stasi ek-tak-tis ana-gis”

Fire! = φωτιά! “foti-a”

Police! = αστυνομία! “astinom-i-a”

Ambulance! = ασθενοφόρο! “astheno-foro”

Quickly! = γρήγορα! “ghree-gora!”

I am sick = Είμαι άρρωστος “ee-may a-rostos”

I need help = Χρειάζομαι βοήθεια “chree-a-zomai voy-ee-theya”

I’m at… = Είμαι στο/στην… “ee-may sto/stin”

I need… = χρειάζομαι “chree-a-zomai”

A doctor = ένας γιατρός “e-nas yiat-ros”

A nurse = μια νοσοκόμα “mia noso-ko-ma”

A dentist = οδοντίατρος “othon-ti-atros”

The hospital = το νοσοκομείο “to nosoko-me-oh”

The police station = το αστυνομικό τμήμα “to astinomi-ko tmee-ma”

I have a headache = Έχω ένα πονοκέφαλο “ech-oh e-na pono-ke-falo”

Stomach ache = πόνο στο στομάχι “po-no sto stoma-chi”

Ear ache = πόνο στο αυτί “po-no sto av-ti”

Heartburn = καούρα “ka-ou-ra”

Indigestion = δυσπεψία “dispeps-i-a”

Sore throat = πονόλαιμος “pono-laimos”

Cough = βήχας “vi-has”

I have a cold = Έχω κρύωμα. “e-cho kri-oma”

Flu = γρίπη “ghri-pee”

A temperature = μια θερμοκρασία “mia thermokras-i-a”

Ache/Pain= πόνος “po-nos”

Head = κεφάλι “kef-a-li”

Neck = λαιμός “lay-mos”

Ears = αυτιά “avti-a”

Nose = μύτη “mee-tee”

Mouth = στόμα “sto-ma”

Tooth = δόντι “thon-ti”

Bones = οστά “os-ta”

Muscle = μυς “mis”

Arm = μπράτσο “bra-tso”

Legs = πόδια “po-thee-a”

Stomach = στομάχι “sto-ma-chi”

Joint = άρθρωση “ar-throsi”

Knee = γόνατο “gho-nato”

Feet = πόδια “po-thee-a”

Blisters = φουσκάλες “fous-ka-les”

Plaster = λευκοπλαστες “levko-plastes”

First aid kit = κουτί πρώτων βοηθειών “kou-ti pro-ton voithee-on”

Bandage = επίδεσμος “epi-thesmos”

Antiseptic = αντισηπτικό “antisipti-ko”

Disinfectant = απολυμαντικό “apolimanti-ko”

Paracetamol = παρακεταμόλη “paraketa-mo-li”

Ibuprofen = ιβουπροφαίνη “ibouprof-ai-ni”

Aspirin = ασπιρίνη “aspi-ri-ni”

 

As you’ll notice, many of the words here are similar to the English. That’s either because they’re modern inventions, such as the painkillers, so the Greek has merely adapted the English word to fit into the Greek language. Or, with some of the other words (like bones and stomach), it’s probably the case that the English words actually came from the Greek ones. If you’ve done any Latin language before, you’ll probably notice even more similarities – probably because they originated in Greek. So, if there’s an emergency or you fall ill in Greece, you should now be able to help people establish what’s wrong. They’ll help you accordingly, but if you panic and forget, don’t worry – many Greeks will speak a little English and so be able to understand you if you find yourself in an emergency situation.

 

Image from: http://greece.greekreporter.com/2014/05/16/greek-pharmacists-turning-down-night-shifts/

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