Children's Web magazine...
Entertaining , Educational, Fun,Informative and MORE

A Beginner's Guide to Sewing - Definitions

A Beginner's Guide to Sewing - Definitions

The world of sewing can be confusing at times as it comes with a whole new set of vocabulary that you have to pick up. Luckily I’m here to demystify you and help you tell your tension from your trimmings.

 

Tools

Fabric scissors – Large, sharp scissors used to cut fabric cleanly.

Embroidery scissors – Small, usually pointy scissors used for trimming threads.

Rotary cutter – A tool like a pizza cutter used to cut fabric quickly. Must be used with a cutting mat to protect surfaces.

Quilting ruler – A wide, clear plastic ruler with grid lines. Used with a rotary cutter to cut square or rectangular blocks.

Seam ripper – A sharp instrument used to unpick stitches quickly.

Tailor’s chalk – Comes in a variety of colours and is usually either triangular or in pencil form. Used to temporarily mark fabric, for example to show where you want to put a button. Washes out with water.

 

Haberdashery (small items used in sewing)

Trimming – A decorative addition to a sewn item, e.g. ribbon, applique.

Applique – A decorative patch of fabric attached to a sewn item, often in the shape of a letter or picture.

Bias binding – A strip of fabric cut diagonally and sewn on to a hem to provide a decorative edge.

Hook and eye – Metal fastenings often found at the top of zips.

Hook and loop tape – A generic term for Velcro.

Sewing pattern – A set of instructions to make an item with a template for cutting out fabric.

 

Techniques

Gathering – Pulling threads tight so the fabric bunches along the stitches, for example to create a puffy effect on sleeves or a skirt.

Pressed – Ironed so that seams are facing the right way.

Baste or tack – sewn by hand without knots at the end of the line of stitching so that stitches can be pulled out easily.

Rouleau loop – A fine loop of fabric used in place of a button hole on bridal gowns.

Hem – The edge of a garment.

Seam – Where two pieces of fabric join together.

 

Types of fabric

Knitted – Fabric made from a single thread knitted together, e.g. t-shirt fabric

Woven – Fabric made from vertical and horizontal threads forming a tight net.

Bias – The ‘diagonal’ of a woven fabric.

Fibre – What the fabric is made from, e.g. cotton, polyester, nylon.

Right/wrong sides – The right side of your fabric is the side you want to be visible from the outside of

your garment or sewn object.

 

Sewing machines

Bobbin – The bottom thread from a sewing machine.

Tension – How tight the top and bottom threads are pulling on your sewing machine.

Overlocker or serger – A type of sewing machine that uses up to five threads to finish and cut an edge.

 

I hope this has increased your understanding of sewing terms and that you can approach your next project with more confidence. Next in the Beginner’s Guide to Sewing I will be walking you through the wonderful world of fabric!

 

Image credit: http://runningforcrayons.co.uk/Personal-project

0 Comment:

Be the first one to comment on this article.

Thank you for your comment. Once admin approves your comment it will then be listed on the website

FaceBook Page

Place your ads

kings news advertisement